Carbon Capture and Storage

Rapid deployment of CCS, especially for industry and negative emissions, is necessary to keep global temperature increases to 1.5°C

Combined with rapid emissions reductions, particularly the closure of all European coal plants by 2030, carbon capture and storage (CCS) is essential to meet the EU and UK’s emission reductions targets. This is supported by analysis from organisations including the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the International Energy Agency and the UK Committee on Climate Change: without very rapid emissions reductions and CCS, we can’t meet the Paris Agreement.

Many industrial sectors like steel and cement produce CO2 as part of the manufacturing process, and so have limited options to reduce their emissions. To keep building the low-carbon society, CCS is essential for industry.

In the UK, gas power generation will continue to fall as it is undercut by growth in low-carbon power, but we do not expect it to be phased-out immediately. For climate targets to be met, any gas power must have emissions down from ~450gCO2/kWh to 50-100gCO2/kWh by 2030, and therefore CCS must play a role. For heat, low-carbon solutions are further off, and so we support investigating hydrogen and CCS.

The EU carbon price will not be enough to deliver commercial CCS projects and therefore there will need to be additional support provided at the EU and Member State level.

Sandbag is working with other NGOs, academia and industry to:

  • examine how CCS can be brought forward in Europe through a ‘hubs and cluster approach’, bringing CO2 emissions from different industries and safely storing it offshore;
  • consider how CCS can be sustainably financed, and the role Government needs to play;
  • support the development of a coalition of CCS leaders and champions to make CCS – for industry and negative emissions – a reality;
  • influence the UK Government to follow many of the recommendations in Lord Oxburgh’s September 2016 report “Lowest Cost Decarbonisation for the UK: The Critical Role of CCS

Sandbag also provides the Secretariat for the UK All Party Parliamentary Group on CCS, with the CCSA.

Recent CCS blog posts

Report – A Scrap Game: Impacts of the EU Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism

  The Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) was formally adopted on 17 May 2023, two years after the initial proposal by the European Commission. We are now in the midst of the CBAM...

CEPS-Sandbag Joint Op-Ed – The EU should lead the green steel race… Or it could be left behind in the dust

A wave of low-carbon steel projects should be launched across the EU by 2030 but how commercially viable they are is still to be seen. According to Agora Industry, two critical factors underpin this...

From Niche to Mainstream: Shaping Demand for Green Steel

This report on the demand for green steel examines the impact of steel production using low-carbon technologies further down the value chain.   Key Takeaways Due to weak carbon prices and high...
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